Learn how to knit with M1 increase

Learn how to knit with M1 increase

Knitting is a timeless craft that is not only fun and relaxing, but also offers a wide range of possibilities for creating unique and beautiful garments and accessories. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced knitter, it is important to master essential knitting techniques in order to expand your skillset and tackle more complex patterns. One such technique is M1 (Make 1) knitting, which allows you to increase stitches and add shape to your project.

M1 is a commonly used method for increasing stitches in knitting. It is a simple and versatile technique that can be used in a variety of projects, including sweaters, hats, and scarves. By adding stitches to your work, you can create shaping and texture, such as increasing the width of a sleeve or adding decorative details.

There are different ways to execute the M1 increase, depending on your knitting style and the desired outcome. The most basic M1 involves lifting the horizontal loop between the stitches with your left-hand needle, and then knitting into the front or back of this loop, depending on the pattern instructions. This creates a new stitch on your right-hand needle.

Mastering the M1 increase will open up a world of possibilities in your knitting projects, allowing you to create garments that fit perfectly and have unique design elements. So grab your needles and yarn, and get ready to expand your knitting repertoire with the M1 increase technique!

What is M1 knitting?

What is M1 knitting?

M1 knitting is an essential knitting technique used to increase the number of stitches in your knitting project. It stands for “Make One” and is also known as “Make One Increase”. This technique creates a new stitch by picking up the yarn between two existing stitches and then knitting into it.

M1 knitting is commonly used to create shaping in garments, such as increasing stitches for sleeves, hats, or shaping the waistline. It is also used in lace patterns and other decorative stitch patterns to add texture and design elements.

There are different methods to perform M1 knitting, but the most common one is the “M1R” and “M1L” methods:

  1. M1R (Make One Right): To make a new stitch that leans to the right, insert the left needle from the front to the back under the horizontal strand between the two stitches on the right needle. Then, knit into the back of this strand, creating a new stitch.
  2. M1L (Make One Left): To make a new stitch that leans to the left, insert the left needle from the back to the front under the horizontal strand between the two stitches on the right needle. Then, knit into the front of this strand, creating a new stitch.

Both M1R and M1L techniques create a new stitch without leaving a visible hole or gap in the fabric. They allow for a smooth and seamless increase, blending in with the surrounding stitches.

It’s essential to understand and practice M1 knitting technique to expand your knitting skills and tackle more complex patterns that involve shaping and increases. With practice, you’ll be able to incorporate M1 knitting seamlessly into your projects, creating beautiful and professional-looking finishes.

Why is M1 knitting important?

M1 knitting, also known as Make One knitting, is an essential technique for increasing the number of stitches in your knitting projects. It is important to learn this technique because it allows you to shape your work and create intricate designs.

Here are a few reasons why M1 knitting is important:

  • Increases stitches: M1 knitting allows you to add stitches to your knitting, which is necessary when you want to widen your work or create decorative patterns.
  • Creates shaping: By adding stitches through M1 knitting, you can create shaping in your projects. This is especially useful when making garments like sweaters, where you may need to increase stitches for sleeves or shaping the neck.
  • Enhances design options: M1 knitting opens up a world of design possibilities. By increasing stitches in specific areas, you can create textured patterns, lace motifs, or increase the size of certain sections for a unique look.

Learning how to M1 knit is a fundamental skill for any knitter. It gives you the flexibility to adjust stitch counts and create beautiful and customized projects. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced knitter, mastering the M1 knitting technique will greatly expand your knitting repertoire.

Learning the Basics

Before you can begin learning the M1 knitting technique, it’s important to understand some basic knitting terms and techniques. Here are a few key terms and techniques to get you started:

  1. Cast on: This is the process of creating the first row of stitches on your knitting needle.
  2. Knit stitch: This is the most basic stitch in knitting, where you insert the needle through the loop on your left-hand needle and pull the yarn through to create a new stitch.
  3. Purl stitch: The purl stitch is the opposite of the knit stitch. Instead of inserting the needle from the left to the right, you insert it from the right to the left.
  4. Row: A row is a horizontal line of stitches on your needle. Knitting is done in rows, with each row typically being worked from right to left.
  5. Needles: Knitting needles are long, thin tools used to hold the stitches as you work.

Once you’re familiar with these basic knitting terms, you can move on to learning the M1 knitting technique. This technique is used to increase the number of stitches in your knitting.

Remember, practice makes perfect! Don’t be discouraged if you don’t get the hang of it right away. With time and practice, you’ll become more comfortable with the M1 knitting technique and be able to incorporate it into your knitting projects.

Tools and Materials

Before you start learning the M1 knitting technique, make sure you have the following tools and materials:

  • Knitting Needles: You will need a pair of knitting needles, preferably in a size suitable for your yarn. Choose the appropriate needle size according to the yarn weight suggested on the yarn label.
  • Yarn: Select a yarn that works well for your project. The yarn weight and fiber content can affect the drape and texture of your finished piece.
  • Tapestry Needle: A tapestry needle or yarn needle is used for weaving in ends and sewing up any seams.
  • Scissors: A pair of sharp scissors will be needed to cut the yarn.
  • Stitch Markers: Stitch markers are helpful for marking specific stitches or sections in your knitting.
  • Measuring Tape: A measuring tape is useful for checking your gauge and measuring the size of your finished project.

Having these tools and materials ready will ensure that you can comfortably practice and master the M1 knitting technique.

Understanding the pattern

Before you start knitting, it’s important to understand the pattern you’re working with. This will help you follow the instructions more easily and avoid mistakes. Here are a few key elements to look for:

Gauge and yarn

Check the gauge recommended in the pattern to ensure your finished project will have the correct size. Use the suggested yarn weight and needles to achieve the specified gauge. Adjust your needle size if needed to match the gauge.

Abbreviations and symbols

Abbreviations and symbols

Patterns often use abbreviations and symbols to represent different stitches and techniques. Refer to the pattern’s key or a knitting glossary to familiarize yourself with these before you begin. This will help you understand the instructions and prevent confusion.

Stitch count and gauge swatch

Take note of the stitch count specified for each row or round. This will help you keep track of your progress and ensure you don’t miss any increases or decreases. It’s also a good idea to make a gauge swatch before starting the project to check your tension. This will help you determine if you need to adjust your needle size to match the gauge.


Read the pattern instructions carefully and familiarize yourself with the different sections and steps. Note any special techniques or stitches that are required for the pattern. If there are any charts included, take the time to understand how to read them.

Notes and tips

Some patterns include helpful notes and tips that can make your knitting experience easier. Pay attention to these as they can provide guidance on specific techniques, modifications, or other important details.

Keeping track

Use a row counter, stitch markers, or a pencil and paper to help you keep track of where you are in the pattern. This will help you avoid mistakes and make it easier to pick up if you need to pause and come back to your knitting later on.

By understanding the pattern before you start, you’ll be able to confidently work through each step and create a beautiful finished project.

Mastering the Technique

Mastering the M1 knitting technique is essential for increasing stitches in your knitting projects. With this technique, you can easily add new stitches to your work without needing an extra stitch on your left-hand needle.

To master the M1 knitting technique, follow these steps:

  1. Start with your right-hand needle inserted from the front into the stitch below the next stitch on your left-hand needle.
  2. Lift the stitch onto your left-hand needle, creating a new stitch.
  3. Place the new stitch onto your left-hand needle, keeping the original stitch on your right-hand needle.
  4. Continue knitting as usual, treating the new stitch as you would any other stitch.

It is important to note that there are different variations of the M1 knitting technique, such as M1L and M1R, which create slightly different results. Experiment with these variations to see which one works best for your project.

Remember to practice the M1 knitting technique on a swatch before incorporating it into your knitting projects. This will help you perfect the technique and ensure that your stitches are even and neat.

With practice and patience, you will quickly master the M1 knitting technique and be able to confidently increase stitches in your knitting projects.

Step-by-step instructions

  1. Start with a knitted row and make sure you have the required number of stitches on your needle.

  2. Insert the right-hand needle under the horizontal strand of yarn that runs between the two stitches you wish to increase. The right-hand needle should be positioned from front to back.

  3. With your left-hand needle, lift the horizontal strand of yarn onto the left-hand needle from front to back.

  4. Knit the lifted strand as you would knit a regular stitch, inserting the right-hand needle into the front loop of the lifted strand from left to right.

  5. Slide the new stitch you just created onto the right-hand needle, leaving the lifted strand on the left-hand needle.

  6. Repeat steps 2-5 for each additional stitch you want to increase.

  7. Once you have completed the desired number of increases, continue knitting as usual.

Note: The M1 increase is often used to create a visually seamless increase in knitting. It is commonly used in patterns to shape sleeves, create raglan sleeves, or add stitches for decorative purposes.

Troubleshooting common mistakes

  • Twisted stitches: One common mistake is inadvertently twisting the stitches when working the M1 increase. To avoid this, make sure to insert the right needle correctly into the horizontal strand between the stitches. If the stitches appear twisted, you can always unravel the work back to the mistake and try again.
  • Uneven tension: Another common mistake is having uneven tension between the increases and existing stitches. This can result in a lopsided or puckered fabric. To ensure even tension, make sure to work the M1 increase with the same tension as the rest of your knitting. Adjust your tension if necessary.
  • Inconsistent stitch count: Sometimes, beginners may unintentionally skip or add extra stitches while working the M1 increase. This can cause the stitch count to be off, leading to an uneven fabric. To avoid this mistake, carefully count your stitches after each increase row to ensure accuracy.
  • Tangled yarn: Yarn can easily get tangled while working the M1 increase, especially if you’re not used to knitting with multiple strands. Take care to untangle any knots or twists in the yarn as you go, so you can continue knitting smoothly.
  • Missing or extra increases: One of the most common mistakes is missing or adding extra M1 increases. This can affect the overall shape and size of your project. Make sure to carefully follow the instructions for the M1 increase and count your stitches to ensure you are increasing in the correct places and in the correct number.

Remember, knitting mistakes happen to everyone, especially when learning a new technique. Don’t get discouraged if you make a mistake, as it’s all part of the learning process. Take your time, practice, and soon you’ll be confident in your M1 knitting skills.

Advanced Tips and Tricks

Once you’ve mastered the basic M1 technique, you can explore some advanced tips and tricks to take your knitting to the next level. Here are a few tips to help you along:

1. Experiment with different needles: Try using different types of needles to see how they affect your M1 stitch. For example, using a smaller needle for the M1 stitch can create a tighter tension, while using a larger needle can create a looser tension.

2. Use markers: To keep track of your M1 stitches, place stitch markers on each side of the increased stitch. This can help you easily identify the location of the M1 stitch and avoid any mistakes.

3. Practice tension control: Pay attention to your tension when working the M1 stitch. A loose tension can result in a visibly larger M1 stitch, while a tight tension can make the stitch difficult to work with. Practice maintaining an even tension to achieve consistent results.

4. Combine M1 stitches with other techniques: Once you’re comfortable with the M1 stitch, try incorporating it into various patterns and designs. You can combine M1 stitches with other increases, decreases, or stitch patterns to create unique textures and shapes.

5. Use stitch holders: If you need to increase several stitches in a row, consider placing the increased stitches onto a stitch holder to keep them separate from the rest of your work. This can make it easier to keep track of your increases and stitch patterns.

6. Practice counting: As you work multiple M1 stitches, it’s important to keep track of how many increases you’ve made. Count your stitches regularly to ensure you’re increasing in the correct locations and maintaining the desired stitch count.

7. Be patient: Like any knitting technique, mastering the M1 stitch takes practice and patience. Don’t get discouraged if your first attempts don’t turn out perfectly. Keep practicing and experimenting to improve your skills.

8. Explore different variations: There are many variations of the M1 stitch, such as the lifted increase or the backward loop increase. Take the time to explore these variations and see how they can enhance your knitting projects.

9. Consult tutorials and resources: If you’re struggling with the M1 stitch or want to learn more advanced techniques, there are plenty of online tutorials and knitting resources available. Take advantage of these tools to expand your knowledge and skills.

10. Have fun! Knitting is a creative and enjoyable craft, so don’t forget to have fun with it. Use the M1 stitch as a starting point to experiment and create unique and beautiful knitting projects.

Using M1 knitting in lace patterns

Lace knitting patterns often involve complex stitch patterns and delicate openwork designs. The M1 knitting increase technique can be used to create new stitches in lace patterns, allowing for intricate designs and shaping.

Here are some ways to use M1 knitting in lace patterns:

  • Increasing stitch count: Lace patterns often require increasing the stitch count to add additional stitches and create intricate designs. The M1 knitting increase can be used to add stitches between existing stitches without creating visible holes or disrupting the delicate lace pattern.
  • Shaping: The M1 knitting increase is an excellent technique for creating shaping in lace patterns. By adding new stitches in specific locations, you can shape the fabric to create curves, create a tapered edge, or form a decorative motif.
  • Creating eyelets: Eyelet patterns are commonly found in lace knitting, adding decorative holes that create an airy and delicate fabric. The M1 knitting increase can be used to create eyelets by adding new stitches between existing stitches, enhancing the lace pattern’s overall design.

When using M1 knitting in lace patterns, it’s important to follow the lace pattern instructions carefully and place the increases in the correct locations. Pay attention to the stitch count and ensure that the added stitches align with the lace pattern’s overall structure.

Remember, lace knitting requires patience and attention to detail. Take your time and practice the M1 knitting increase technique to master its execution in lace patterns. With practice, you’ll be able to create stunning lace projects with intricate stitch patterns and beautiful designs.


What is M1 knitting?

M1 knitting is an essential knitting technique used to increase stitches. It stands for “make one” and it involves creating a new stitch by working into the strand of yarn between two existing stitches.

How do you perform the M1 knitting technique?

To perform the M1 knitting technique, insert your left needle from front to back into the strand of yarn that runs between the stitch just worked and the next stitch on the left needle. Then, knit into the back loop of this strand to create a new stitch. This increases your stitch count by one.

When is the M1 knitting technique typically used?

The M1 knitting technique is typically used when you want to increase stitches in your knitting project. It is often used to shape garments or create decorative patterns. It is also commonly used in lace knitting.

Are there any variations of the M1 knitting technique?

Yes, there are different variations of the M1 knitting technique. The most common variations include M1L (make one left) and M1R (make one right). These variations create a slightly different look and are used to make increases that lean to the left or right respectively.


How to M1R (make one right) and M1L (make one left)

How To Make One Stitch Knitting (without a hole!)

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