Learn How to Knit in Pictures

Learn How to Knit in Pictures

Knitting is a popular hobby that allows you to create beautiful, handcrafted items such as scarves, hats, and blankets. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced knitter looking to learn new techniques, this step-by-step guide with visuals will help you master the art of knitting.

Before you start, gather your materials: knitting needles and yarn. Knitting needles come in different sizes, so choose the appropriate size for the yarn you’re using. Thicker yarn requires larger needles, while thinner yarn requires smaller needles. As for the yarn, select one that suits your project and personal preference in terms of color and texture.

To begin, hold the knitting needles in your dominant hand, and cast on stitches onto one needle. Casting on is the process of creating the first row of stitches on the needle. There are several techniques you can use, such as the long-tail cast-on or the knitted cast-on. Follow the visual instructions provided to cast on the desired number of stitches.

Once you have cast on the stitches, hold the second knitting needle in your non-dominant hand and insert it into the first stitch on the other needle, from left to right. With the yarn attached to the ball, bring it over the top of the right-hand needle and create a loop by wrapping it around the needle counterclockwise. Pull the loop through the stitch on the left-hand needle, creating a new stitch on the right-hand needle. Repeat this process for each stitch until all the stitches have been transferred to the right-hand needle. This is called the knit stitch.

Continue knitting row by row following the same process until you have completed your project. Remember to turn your work at the end of each row, switching the needles in your hands. As you gain more experience, you can experiment with different knitting stitch patterns, such as purl stitches, ribbing, or cabling, to create different textures and designs.

Learning to knit may seem daunting at first, but with practice and the help of visual instructions, you’ll soon be creating beautiful knitted items. Follow this step-by-step guide and let the visuals guide you as you learn the basics of knitting and progress to more advanced techniques. So, grab your knitting needles, choose your favorite yarn, and get ready to embark on a rewarding and creative journey!

Beginner’s Guide to Knitting: Learn to Knit with Step-by-Step Visuals

Knitting is a wonderful craft that allows you to create beautiful and functional items from yarn. Whether you want to make hats, scarves, or blankets, learning how to knit is a great skill to have. This beginner’s guide will provide you with step-by-step visuals to help you get started on your knitting journey.

Step 1: Gather Your Materials

Before you begin knitting, make sure you have the necessary materials:

  • Yarn: Choose a yarn that is suitable for beginners, such as a medium-weight or worsted-weight yarn.
  • Knitting Needles: Start with a pair of size 8 or 9 knitting needles, as they are commonly used for beginners.
  • Scissors: You will need scissors to cut the yarn.
  • Tape Measure: A tape measure will come in handy for measuring your project.

Step 2: Learn the Basic Knitting Stitches

There are two basic knitting stitches that you need to learn:

  1. Knit Stitch: The knit stitch is the most fundamental stitch in knitting. It creates a smooth and flat fabric.
  2. Purl Stitch: The purl stitch is the opposite of the knit stitch. It creates a bumpy texture in the fabric.

Step 3: Cast On

To start your knitting project, you need to cast on stitches onto your knitting needles. There are different methods for casting on, but the long-tail cast-on method is often used by beginners.

Step 4: Knit a Basic Swatch

Once you have cast on your stitches, practice knitting a basic swatch. This will help you become comfortable with the knit and purl stitches and ensure that you have an even tension.

Step 5: Follow Simple Patterns

As you gain confidence in your knitting skills, you can start following simple knitting patterns. Start with patterns that use basic stitches and gradually move on to more complex patterns.

Step 6: Finishing Your Knitting Project

When you have completed your knitting project, you will need to cast off the stitches to secure the edges. This is done by knitting a few stitches and then passing the previous stitch over the new stitch until all the stitches are bound off.

Step 7: Blocking Your Knitting

Blocking is the process of shaping and setting your knitting stitches. It involves wetting your project and laying it out flat to dry, allowing it to relax and take on its final form.

By following this beginner’s guide and using step-by-step visuals, you will be on your way to becoming a skilled knitter. Remember to be patient with yourself and enjoy the process of creating something beautiful with your own hands.

Choosing the Right Knitting Supplies

Choosing the Right Knitting Supplies

Before you can start knitting, it’s essential to have the right supplies. Here are some key factors to consider when choosing your knitting supplies:

  • Yarn: Choose a yarn that is suitable for your project. Consider factors such as the fiber content, weight, and texture. Beginners may find it helpful to start with a medium-weight yarn made from a smooth, easy-to-work-with fiber like acrylic or wool.
  • Knitting Needles: Select the right size and type of needles for your project. The size of the needles will depend on the thickness of the yarn you’re using. Generally, smaller needles are used with thinner yarns, and larger needles are used with thicker yarns. As for the type of needles, beginners may find it easier to work with straight needles, while more experienced knitters might prefer circular or double-pointed needles.
  • Notions: Gather any additional supplies you’ll need, such as stitch markers, a tapestry needle for weaving in ends, and a pair of scissors for cutting the yarn. These small tools can make your knitting process much smoother and more enjoyable.
  • Pattern: If you’re following a specific knitting pattern, make sure to have a copy of it on hand. Read through the pattern before starting, so you understand the instructions and can gather any additional supplies mentioned in the pattern.

Remember, the right knitting supplies can make a big difference in your knitting experience. Take your time to choose high-quality materials that suit your project and personal preferences. Happy knitting!

Understanding Basic Knitting Terminology

When learning how to knit, it’s important to familiarize yourself with the basic knitting terminology. This will help you understand instructions, patterns, and communicate with other knitters. Here are some key terms to know:

  • Cast On: The process of creating the foundation stitches on the knitting needle to start your project.
  • Knit Stitch: The most basic stitch in knitting. It creates a smooth, V-shaped fabric.
  • Purl Stitch: The reverse of the knit stitch. It creates a bumpy texture on the fabric.
  • Row: A horizontal line of stitches across the width of the knitting.
  • Gauge: The number of stitches and rows per inch in a knitted fabric. It determines the size and fit of your finished project.
  • Pattern: A set of instructions that tells you which stitches to knit and purl to create a specific design.
  • Bind Off: The process of finishing your knitting project by securing the stitches and removing them from the needle.

Understanding these basic knitting terms will give you a solid foundation as you begin your knitting journey. Remember, practice makes perfect, so don’t be afraid to experiment and learn as you go!

Starting Your First Knitting Project

Once you have learned the basic knitting techniques, you are ready to start your first knitting project. Here are some steps to help you get started:

  1. Select a Pattern: Choose a knitting pattern that matches your skill level and interests. Look for patterns that include clear instructions and visuals to help you along the way.
  2. Gather Your Materials: Collect all the necessary materials for your project. This typically includes knitting needles, yarn, stitch markers, and a tapestry needle.
  3. Choose Your Yarn: Select a yarn that meets the requirements of your chosen pattern. Consider factors such as weight, fiber content, and color.
  4. Cast On: Start your project by casting on stitches onto your knitting needle. The number of stitches will be specified in your pattern.
  5. Follow the Pattern: Carefully read and follow the instructions provided in your pattern. Pay attention to stitch counts, yarn overs, and any special techniques.
  6. Practice Basic Stitches: As you work through your project, practice your basic knitting stitches, such as knit and purl, to create different textures and patterns.
  7. Keep Track of Rows: Use stitch markers or a row counter to help you keep track of your rows. This will ensure that you don’t lose your place in the pattern.
  8. Finishing Up: Once you have completed all the necessary rows and stitches, follow the pattern instructions for finishing your project. This may involve binding off, weaving in ends, or blocking your work.
  9. Enjoy Your Finished Project: Once your knitting project is complete, take a moment to admire your work and enjoy your finished creation. You can now wear, use, or gift your knitting masterpiece!

Casting On: How to Begin Your Knitting

Casting on is the first step in starting a knitting project. It creates the foundation row of stitches that you will work with throughout your project. There are several different methods for casting on, but we will cover the most common one here, called the long-tail cast on.

To begin, you will need your knitting needles and yarn. Make sure to leave a long tail of yarn before starting, as this will be used to create the first row of stitches.

  1. Hold the knitting needle in your dominant hand, with the tail end of the yarn hanging down from the needle.
  2. With your other hand, make a loop with the yarn by wrapping it around your thumb and holding it in place with your index finger.
  3. Insert the knitting needle into the loop from front to back.
  4. Grab the tail end of the yarn with the knitting needle and pull it through the loop, creating a new loop on the needle.
  5. Continue making loops and pulling them through until you have cast on the desired number of stitches. Remember to count each loop that you create as one stitch.

Once you have finished casting on, you can start working your first row of knitting stitches. Don’t forget to keep the yarn tail on the same side as the stitches you just cast on, as this will ensure that your knitting does not unravel.

Now that you know how to cast on, you are ready to begin your knitting journey. Happy knitting!

The Basic Knitting Stitches: Knit and Purl

Learning the basic knitting stitches is the first step in your knitting journey. There are two fundamental stitches that you’ll need to master: the knit stitch and the purl stitch.

Knit Stitch:

  • Insert your right-hand needle into the front of the first stitch on the left-hand needle.
  • Wrap the yarn around the right-hand needle from back to front.
  • Use the right-hand needle to pull the wrapped yarn through the stitch, slipping the original stitch off the left-hand needle.
  • Repeat these steps for each stitch until you reach the end of the row.

Purl Stitch:

  • Insert your right-hand needle into the front of the first stitch on the left-hand needle.
  • Wrap the yarn around the right-hand needle from front to back.
  • Use the right-hand needle to pull the wrapped yarn through the stitch, slipping the original stitch off the left-hand needle.
  • Repeat these steps for each stitch until you reach the end of the row.

Remember to hold the yarn with your right hand and the needle with your left hand (if you’re right-handed). If you’re left-handed, you may find it more comfortable to hold the yarn with your left hand and the needle with your right hand.

Practice these two stitches until you feel comfortable with them. Mastering the knit and purl stitches will give you the foundation to create a wide range of knitting patterns and designs.

Advanced Knitting Stitches: Cable and Lace

Once you have mastered the basic knitting stitches, you may want to try more advanced techniques to create unique and intricate patterns. Two popular advanced knitting stitches are cable and lace stitches.

Cable Stitches

Cable knitting involves crossing stitches to create a twisted or braided effect. To work a cable stitch, you will need a cable needle or double-pointed needle.

  1. Start by knitting a few rows in your main stitch pattern.
  2. When you reach the point where you want to insert the cable, slip the next few stitches onto a cable needle or double-pointed needle, and hold it at either the front or back of your work.
  3. Knit the next few stitches from your left-hand needle.
  4. Take the stitches from the cable needle or double-pointed needle, and knit them onto the right-hand needle.
  5. Continue knitting the remaining stitches as usual.

With cable knitting, you can create various cable patterns by crossing the stitches in different directions and at different intervals. Experiment with different cable designs to add interest and texture to your knitting projects.

Lace Stitches

Lace knitting involves creating patterns with holes or eyelets. This stitch technique is perfect for creating delicate and airy fabrics.

  1. Start by knitting a few rows in your main stitch pattern.
  2. To create a lace stitch, you will need to increase and decrease stitches to form the holes or eyelets. Common lace knitting techniques include yarn overs, where you wrap the yarn around the needle, and passing slipped stitches over, where you pass a slipped stitch over the next stitch.
  3. Follow a lace knitting pattern or create your own by incorporating these techniques at specific intervals.
  4. Remember to knit or purl the stitches between the lace pattern to maintain the overall fabric structure.

Lace knitting requires attention to detail and precision to create intricate patterns. It is essential to keep track of the pattern and pay close attention to the stitch counts.

Both cable and lace stitches can be challenging at first, but with practice and patience, you can master these advanced knitting techniques. They offer endless possibilities for creating stunning and unique designs in your knitting projects.

Fixing Common Knitting Mistakes

Mistakes happen to even the most experienced knitters. Don’t worry! Most knitting mistakes can be fixed easily without having to rip out all your work. Here are some common mistakes and how to fix them:

  1. Dropped Stitch: A dropped stitch happens when a loop falls off the needle. To fix a dropped stitch, use a crochet hook or knitting needle to pick up the dropped loop and put it back on the needle in the correct order.

  2. Misplaced Stitch: If you notice a stitch is in the wrong place, you can use a crochet hook to move it. Insert the crochet hook into the stitch from either the front or back and slide the stitch to its correct position.

  3. Twisted Stitch: When a stitch becomes twisted, it can create an uneven or distorted appearance in your knit fabric. To fix a twisted stitch, simply unravel the stitch and knit it again in the correct orientation.

  4. Extra Yarn Overs: Yarn overs give you an extra stitch on your needle, and sometimes you may accidentally create more than required. To fix extra yarn overs, simply drop the extra loop off your needle and continue knitting as usual.

  5. Uneven Tension: Tension refers to the tightness or looseness of your stitches. If you notice uneven tension in your knitting, make sure to adjust your tension as you continue working. Practice knitting at a consistent tension to achieve an even fabric.

Remember, mistakes are part of the learning process! Don’t be afraid to make mistakes and try out different techniques to fix them. With practice, you’ll become more confident in identifying and fixing common knitting mistakes.

Finishing Your Knitting Project: Binding Off and Blocking

Once you have completed your knitting project, you need to finish it off by binding off and blocking it.

Binding Off

The binding off process involves removing the stitches from the knitting needles, creating a secure edge for your project.

  1. Start by knitting two stitches.
  2. Insert the left-hand needle into the first stitch on the right-hand needle.
  3. Lift the first stitch over the second stitch and off the right-hand needle.
  4. You will have one stitch remaining on the right-hand needle.
  5. Knit one stitch.
  6. Repeat steps 2-5 until you have one stitch remaining on the right-hand needle.
  7. Cut the yarn, leaving a long tail. Thread the tail through the last stitch and pull it tight to secure.


Blocking is the process of shaping your knitted project to ensure that it is the correct size and shape. It also helps to even out stitches and remove any wrinkles or unevenness.

Wet Blocking:

Wet Blocking:

  1. Fill a basin or sink with lukewarm water and add a small amount of wool wash or gentle detergent.
  2. Submerge your knitted project in the water, making sure it is fully saturated.
  3. Gently press out the excess water. Do not wring or twist the fabric.
  4. Lay the project flat on a clean towel and gently roll it up to remove more water.
  5. Unroll the towel and carefully shape the project to the desired dimensions.
  6. Allow the project to dry completely before removing the pins or weights.

Steam Blocking:

  1. Lay your knitted project on a flat surface.
  2. Hold a steam iron a few inches away from the project and press the steam button to release steam.
  3. Hover the iron over the project, moving it back and forth to distribute the steam evenly.
  4. Once the project is evenly steamed, allow it to cool and dry completely before moving or wearing it.

Following these steps will ensure that your knitting project is finished off neatly and looks its best.


What materials do I need to start knitting?

You will need knitting needles, yarn, and a pair of scissors to start knitting.

Where can I buy knitting supplies?

You can buy knitting supplies at craft stores, online knitting stores, or even some general merchandise stores.

Do I need any prior experience to learn how to knit?

No, you do not need any prior experience to learn how to knit. This step-by-step guide is designed for beginners.

Are there different types of knitting stitches?

Yes, there are different types of knitting stitches. Some common ones include knit stitch, purl stitch, and garter stitch.

How long does it usually take to learn how to knit?

The time it takes to learn how to knit can vary depending on the individual. It could take a few hours or a few weeks to become comfortable with the basics.


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