Learn How to Knit Granny Squares

Learn How to Knit Granny Squares

Knitting is a timeless craft that allows you to create beautiful and intricate designs with just a few simple tools and a ball of yarn. One of the most popular knitting projects for beginners is the granny square. This versatile and classic design can be used to make blankets, scarves, and even clothing.

The granny square gets its name from its nostalgic and vintage look. It consists of a small, square-shaped patch that is created by knitting or crocheting a series of stitches in a specific pattern. Once you have mastered the basic technique, you can experiment with different colors and patterns to create unique and personalized designs.

In this step-by-step guide, we will walk you through the process of knitting granny squares. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced knitter, this tutorial will provide you with all the information and tips you need to create your own stunning granny square creations.

Step-by-Step Guide on How to Knit Granny Squares – Learn the Art of Knitting

Granny squares are a popular and versatile knitting technique that can be used to create a variety of projects such as blankets, scarves, and even clothing. If you’re new to knitting or want to learn how to knit granny squares, this step-by-step guide will help you get started.

Materials Needed:

  • Knitting needles (size 8 or 9)
  • Yarn in various colors
  • Yarn needle
  • Scissors

Step 1: Cast on

Start by casting on the desired number of stitches onto your knitting needle. The number of stitches will depend on the size of your granny square. For beginners, a square with 20 stitches is a good starting point.

Step 2: Knit the first row

Once you’ve cast on, knit the first row of stitches using the basic knit stitch. Insert your right needle into the first stitch on your left needle, bring the yarn over the right needle, and pull it through the stitch. Repeat this process for each stitch in the row.

Step 3: Continue knitting rows

Continue knitting rows using the basic knit stitch until your granny square reaches the desired size. You can alternate colors to create stripes or use a single color for a solid square.

Step 4: Bind off

Once your granny square is the desired size, it’s time to bind off. Knit the first two stitches as usual, then use your left needle to lift the first stitch over the second stitch and completely off the right needle. Knit the next stitch and repeat the process until you have one stitch remaining. Cut the yarn, leaving a tail, and pull it through the final stitch to secure.

Step 5: Finishing touches

Weave in any loose ends using a yarn needle. You can also steam block your granny square to even out the stitches and give it a neater appearance.

Congratulations, you’ve just learned how to knit a granny square! With this versatile technique, you’ll be able to create beautiful and unique projects to showcase your knitting skills. Enjoy experimenting with different colors and patterns to create a granny square masterpiece!

Getting Started with Knitting Granny Squares

If you’re interested in learning how to knit granny squares, you’re in the right place! Granny squares are a fun and versatile project that can be used to create blankets, pillows, scarves, and more. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you get started:

1. Gather Your Materials

Before you begin knitting, make sure you have all the necessary materials. You’ll need:

  • Knitting needles (size depends on your yarn choice)
  • Yarn in your preferred color(s)
  • Tapestry needle
  • Scissors

2. Choose Your Yarn

Granny squares can be made using any type of yarn, but it’s best to choose a medium-weight yarn for your first project. This will make it easier to handle and learn the basic techniques.

3. Learn the Basic Stitches

Before you start knitting granny squares, it’s important to familiarize yourself with some basic knitting stitches. The most common stitches used in granny squares are:

  1. Knit stitch (K): This stitch creates a smooth, V-shaped fabric.
  2. Purl stitch (P): This stitch creates a bumpy, textured fabric.
  3. Slip stitch (SL): This stitch is used to join stitches without adding height or bulk.

4. Start with a Slip Knot

To begin your granny square, create a slip knot on one of your knitting needles. This will serve as your first stitch.

5. Cast On Stitches

Next, cast on the desired number of stitches for your granny square. This will depend on the size you want to achieve.

6. Knit the First Row

Knit every stitch across the first row of your granny square. This will create a solid base for your project.

7. Continue with the Pattern

After completing the first row, you can continue knitting your granny square using your chosen pattern. There are numerous patterns available, ranging from simple to intricate designs.

8. Change Colors (Optional)

If you want to add more visual interest to your granny squares, you can change colors as you go. Simply finish a row in one color and start the next row with a new color.

9. Finish Off

When you’ve reached the desired size for your granny square, it’s time to finish off. Cut the yarn, leaving a long tail, and use a tapestry needle to weave the tail through the stitches to secure them.

Now that you know the basics of knitting granny squares, you can experiment with different color combinations, stitch patterns, and sizes to create your unique projects. Happy knitting!

Choosing the Right Yarn and Needles

When it comes to knitting granny squares, choosing the right yarn and needles is essential for creating the perfect squares. Here are some tips to help you make the right choices:


1. Consider the weight: Granny squares are typically made with medium weight yarn, also known as worsted weight or #4 yarn. This weight of yarn is versatile and widely available in a variety of colors.

2. Fiber content: The fiber content of the yarn can affect the finished look and feel of your granny squares. Acrylic yarn is a popular choice as it is affordable, easy to care for, and comes in a wide range of colors. However, you can also experiment with other natural fibers such as wool or cotton for a different look and feel.

3. Color selection: When choosing colors for your granny squares, consider whether you want a cohesive look or a more eclectic mix. You can opt for a single color palette or mix and match different shades and tones for a vibrant and unique look.


1. Size: The size of your needles will determine the tension and size of your stitches. For medium weight yarn, a set of US size 7 or 8 knitting needles is a good starting point. However, you may need to adjust the needle size to achieve the desired gauge for your project.

2. Material: Knitting needles come in various materials such as bamboo, aluminum, or plastic. The material you choose can affect the feel and grip of the needles. Bamboo needles are popular for their smoothness and warmth, while metal needles provide a sleek and fast knitting experience.

3. Circular or straight: Granny square patterns typically require straight knitting needles, but you can also use circular needles if you prefer knitting in the round or want to accommodate a larger number of stitches.

Remember, the right yarn and needles can greatly enhance your knitting experience and the final appearance of your granny squares. Experiment with different options to find the combination that works best for you.

Casting On and Starting Your Granny Square

Before you begin knitting your granny square, you will need to cast on. Casting on is the process of creating the first row of stitches on your knitting needle.

To cast on for your granny square, follow these steps:

  1. Take your knitting needle in your dominant hand and leave a tail of yarn that is approximately 6 inches long.
  2. Make a slipknot by creating a loop with the yarn, crossing the working end over the tail end.
  3. Insert the knitting needle through the loop and pull the working end to tighten the knot. The loop should be snug but not too tight.
  4. Hold the knitting needle with the slipknot in your dominant hand and use your other hand to hold the tail end of the yarn.
  5. With your dominant hand, wrap the yarn around your thumb and middle finger, creating a loop.
  6. Insert the knitting needle between your thumb and middle finger, under the loop of yarn.
  7. Extend your thumb and middle finger to create a loop of yarn on the needle.
  8. Repeat steps 5-7 until you have cast on the desired number of stitches for your granny square. You can refer to your pattern for the recommended number of stitches.

Once you have cast on the required number of stitches, you are ready to start knitting your granny square. The first row of your granny square will be the foundation row, and it will determine the size and shape of your square.

Now that you have cast on and started your granny square, you can proceed to the next steps of knitting each row and creating the beautiful patterns and motifs that granny squares are known for.

Knitting the First Row

Before you start knitting your granny square, you need to cast on and knit the first row. Follow these steps:

  1. Choose your yarn and needles: Select a yarn that is suitable for your project and a pair of knitting needles that match the recommended gauge.
  2. Make a slip knot: Start by making a slip knot. Take the loose end of the yarn and create a loop. Pull the end through the loop to make a knot.
  3. Cast on stitches: Slide the slip knot onto one of the knitting needles. Hold the needle with the slip knot in your right hand and the other needle in your left hand. Use the thumb and index finger of your left hand to hold the yarn taut, leaving a tail of about 6 inches hanging from the slip knot. Wrap the yarn around the tip of the left needle, going from back to front.
  4. Insert the right needle: Insert the right needle into the stitch on the left needle, going from front to back. The right needle tip should go under the left needle tip.
  5. Complete the stitch: Use your right hand to wrap the yarn around the right needle, going from back to front. Pull the right needle through the stitch on the left needle, bringing the new loop through to the front.
  6. Repeat: Repeat steps 4 and 5 until you have cast on the desired number of stitches.

Once you have finished casting on, you are ready to start knitting the first row. In the next section, we will cover the basic knitting stitch and how to work the first row of your granny square.

Adding Color and Patterns to Your Granny Square

One of the fun aspects of knitting granny squares is the ability to add color and patterns to your work. This allows you to create unique and eye-catching designs in your finished project.

Here are some ways to add color and patterns to your granny square:

  1. Using different colored yarn: Instead of using one solid color for your square, you can use multiple colors to create stripes or other patterns. This adds visual interest to your square and makes it more unique.
  2. Adding color changes within the square: You can also add color changes within the square itself to create different patterns. For example, you can knit rows or rounds in one color and then switch to a different color for the next set of rows or rounds.
  3. Integrating different stitch patterns: Besides using different colors, you can incorporate different stitch patterns into your granny square to create texture and pattern variations. You can try cable stitches, lace stitches, or any other stitch pattern that you like.
  4. Using variegated or self-striping yarn: Another way to add color and patterns to your granny square is by using variegated or self-striping yarn. These yarns have built-in color changes, so you don’t have to switch colors manually. They can create interesting and unpredictable patterns in your granny square.
  5. Experimenting with different color combinations: Don’t be afraid to play around with different color combinations to see what works best for your design. Sometimes unexpected color combinations can create beautiful and unique squares.

Remember, the beauty of knitting granny squares is that you have the freedom to be creative and experiment with color and pattern. Have fun and let your imagination run wild!

Joining Granny Squares Together

Once you have finished knitting all your granny squares, it’s time to join them together to create a larger piece. There are several methods you can use to join granny squares, but we will be focusing on the whipstitch method.

To join the granny squares using the whipstitch method, follow these steps:

  1. Lay out your granny squares in the desired pattern.
  2. Thread a tapestry needle with a length of yarn in a coordinating color.
  3. Begin stitching by inserting the needle through the corner stitch of one square and then through the corresponding corner stitch of the next square.
  4. Draw the yarn through, leaving a small tail on the back of the work to weave in later.
  5. Continue stitching in this manner around the entire square, making sure to match up the stitches on each side.
  6. When you reach a corner, sew through both corner stitches of the squares to create a secure join.
  7. Repeat steps 3-6 for each remaining square until all squares are joined together.

Once all the squares are joined, weave in any loose ends of yarn and trim them close to the work.

You can also add a border to your joined granny squares to give it a finished look. There are many different border options to choose from, such as single crochet, double crochet, or a decorative stitch pattern.

Remember to take your time and enjoy the process of joining your granny squares. It’s a great way to practice your knitting skills and create a beautiful and unique piece. Happy knitting!

Finishing Off Your Granny Square

Once you have completed your final round of stitching on your granny square, it’s time to finish off your work. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Weave in the ends: Cut your yarn, leaving a long tail. Thread the tail onto a yarn needle and weave it through the stitches on the back of your work to secure it in place. This will prevent your square from unraveling.
  2. Block your square: To ensure that your granny square maintains its shape and size, consider blocking it. Wet your square with water and gently stretch it to the desired shape. Pin it down onto a blocking board or a towel and allow it to dry completely.
  3. Joining multiple squares: If you plan on making a larger project using granny squares, you will need to join them together. There are various methods for joining squares, such as whip stitching or slip stitching. Choose the method that works best for you and follow the instructions.
  4. Add a border: To give your granny square a finished look, you can add a border. This can be a simple single crochet border or a more intricate design. Choose a yarn color that complements your square and follow a pattern or create your own border design.

By following these steps, you can complete your granny square and use it as part of a larger project or as a standalone piece. Get creative with colors and patterns to make your granny squares truly unique!

Tips and Tricks for Knitting Granny Squares

Knitting granny squares may seem daunting at first, but with a few tips and tricks, you’ll be creating beautiful squares in no time. Here are some helpful suggestions to improve your knitting skills:

1. Choose the Right Yarn: When knitting granny squares, it’s important to choose a yarn that is not too bulky or too thin. A medium-weight yarn works best as it provides a nice balance of stitch definition and flexibility.

2. Use Needles with a Smooth Finish: Smooth needles allow the yarn to glide easily as you knit, making the process much more enjoyable. Look for needles made from metal or polished wood for a smooth knitting experience.

3. Start with a Center Ring: To begin your granny square, start with a center ring or magic loop. This will create a sturdy foundation for your knitting and make it easier to add stitches as you work your way out.

4. Practice Consistent Tension: Maintaining an even tension is essential for creating uniform granny squares. Start with a relaxed grip on your needles and yarn, and try to keep the tension consistent throughout your knitting.

5. Use Stitch Markers: Place stitch markers at the beginning of each round to keep track of your stitches and prevent mistakes. This will help you stay organized and ensure that your granny square stays symmetrical.

6. Block Your Squares: Once you’ve finished knitting your granny squares, block them to give them a polished and professional look. Wet blocking or steam blocking can help even out the stitches and create crisp edges.

7. Join Squares Seamlessly: To join your granny squares together, consider using mattress stitch or crochet slip stitch. These techniques create an invisible seam and give your finished project a clean and seamless appearance.

8. Experiment with Colors and Patterns: Granny squares offer endless opportunities to play with different colors and patterns. Don’t be afraid to mix and match yarns to create unique and eye-catching designs.

9. Take Your Time: Knitting granny squares requires patience and practice. Take your time with each square, and don’t get discouraged if things don’t look perfect right away. The more you practice, the better your squares will become.

10. Enjoy the Process: Above all, enjoy the process of knitting granny squares. Knitting is a relaxing and creative hobby, and granny squares are a versatile and fun project to work on. Embrace the joy of creating something beautiful with your own two hands.

By following these tips and tricks, you’ll become a master at knitting granny squares in no time. Happy knitting!


What materials do I need to knit granny squares?

To knit granny squares, you will need yarn in various colors, knitting needles or crochet hook, and scissors.

Can I use different colors for my granny squares?

Yes, you can use different colors for your granny squares. In fact, using different colors is one of the key features of granny squares and allows you to create unique and colorful designs.

What is the basic stitch used for knitting granny squares?

The basic stitch used for knitting granny squares is the double crochet stitch. This stitch creates a slightly looser texture and makes the square quick and easy to knit.

How do I start knitting a granny square?

To start knitting a granny square, you need to make a slipknot and then create a chain of stitches. Once you have the chain, you can start working the double crochet stitches into the chain to create the first round of the square.

What is the best way to join granny squares together?

The best way to join granny squares together is usually with a slip stitch. You can sew the squares together using a tapestry needle and yarn, or you can crochet them together by slip stitching through the chains or loops of the stitches on each square.

Can I make different sizes of granny squares?

Yes, you can make different sizes of granny squares by adjusting the number of stitches and rows you work. You can make smaller squares for smaller projects or larger squares for bigger projects.

What are some creative ways to use granny squares?

Some creative ways to use granny squares include making blankets, scarves, hats, bags, and even clothing items like skirts or tops. You can also use granny squares to create decorative items like coasters or pillow covers.


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